宗教艺术殿堂

【嘉义景点】奉天宮 - 信众上香|TaiwanDay

三百九十多年前,福建船户刘定国奉请湄洲天后宫妈祖金身神像护佑平安横渡黑水沟,航经笨港时,妈祖显圣,指示永驻此地。清康熙时,笨港居民合建天妃庙,后因天妃晋封改称天后。直到嘉庆年间笨港遭遇水灾,才将「笨港天后宫」,陆续迁到麻园寮,当时守台名将王得禄捐出薪饷倡建奉天宫,主祀妈祖,从此飘洋过海而来的「船仔妈」,成了新港人的守护神。

世界唯一御赐金花虎爷

新港街道不大,即使是外地人,也可以轻易找到坐落于新民路与中山路交叉口上的奉天宫。现存的新港奉天宫,坐北朝南略偏西,正对着中山路,正立面面宽有吉祥数字的七开间、深有三川、正殿、后殿、凌霄宝殿等四进,可说是街屋式庙宇中规模较大的寺庙建筑。

【嘉义景点】奉天宮 - 奉天宫开台妈祖|TaiwanDay
【嘉义景点】奉天宮 - 奉天宫天上圣母|TaiwanDay

凌霄宝殿的藻井金碧辉煌、气势磅礡,正殿神龛内最大尊的妈祖称为「镇殿妈」,全身泥塑有两百多公分;庙中还敬祀着观音菩萨、文昌帝君、关圣帝君、笨港城隍……等,成为当地主要的民间信仰。最特别是,依照奉天宫的文史介绍,还可以看到这里有全台唯一、世界唯一御赐金花供奉桌上的「状元虎」虎爷。
也因为庙中保存有记录着笨港到新港的丰富历史文物,且为传统闽南建筑形式,屋脊、屋面的曲线及大木结构都可见其特色,匠师的精巧技艺,绝对值得驻足停留。若时间真的有限,除了敬佛祈福,剪黏交趾陶是绝对不容错过的艺术珍宝。

精致交趾陶颇为可观

交趾陶是台湾传统中式建筑中常见的装饰,在庙宇更常见。奉天宫就保留多件清末民初交趾陶水车堵,是人称闽系交趾陶第5代大师林再兴及其师公中国福建泉州交趾陶大师洪坤福、师父也是姑丈的石连池,师徒3代加上传承到7代弟子的作品,为国内其它寺庙少见,独具特色。交趾陶属于低温多彩软陶,为避免碰撞,大部分装饰于墙堵以上的位置,水车堵、墀头角、山墙鹅头……等。采用宝石釉制作,质感精致,釉色如宝石般的光泽,而且随着陶塑形体不同产生不同的流釉效果,十分美丽。交趾陶在庙宇的艺术表现不只局限在建筑装饰上而已,多数作品呈现如桃园三结义、孝感动天等民间忠义故事、历史传说,人物栩栩如生,令人感动。整座奉天宫宛如一座剪黏交趾陶博物馆,绝对值得细细品味。

【嘉义景点】奉天宮 - 奉天宫开台妈祖|TaiwanDay

花莲太鲁阁、清境农场、台中高美湿地6天5夜之旅

阿里山看日出、邹族优游吧斯文化飨宴、溪头森呼吸6天5夜之旅

台南奇美博物馆、四草绿色隧道、垦丁飙山飙水、东港小琉球6天5夜之旅

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Palace of art and religion

Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Fengtian Templei??TaiwanDay

Around 390 years ago, Ling Ding Guo, a ship owner from Fujian, requested the golden statue of Mazu from Mazu Temple in Meizhou to safeguard his voyage across from Fujian to Taiwan. Upon passing Bengang, the Mazu god made its presence and signified its will to reside here permanently. Bengang villagers jointly built a Tianfei temple in Qing dynasty during Kangxi period, and later on renamed it Tianhou temple. However a catastrophic flood in Bengang during the ruling of Jiaqing Emperor resulted in the shift to Mayuan Liao. General Wang De Lu, responsible for protecting Taiwana��s frontier, donated part of his salary to the construction of Fengtian temple for worshiping Mazu. From then on, this a�?Mother of the shipa�? became the guardian of Xingang.

The worlda��s only golden tiger god

Xingang is small enough that even visitors can easily spot the Xingang Tianfeng Temple in the intersection of Xinmin road and Zhong Shan road. The structure is built facing south on Zhong Shan road. Considered one of the largest temples in street house style, the front of the temple is about 7 rooms wide; the 3-curved roofs, main hall, alter at the back and Lingxiao hall made up the length of the building.

Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Fengtian Templei??TaiwanDay
Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Fengtian Templei??TaiwanDay

The caisson ceiling in the Lingxiao hall is magnificent and grand. a�?Zhen Dian Maa�? standing at 200m tall, is the largest god of worship in the main hall alongside Guanyin, Wenchang Wang, Guan Yu and the Bengang City God. But what stands out the most is the worlda��s only golden Zhuang Yuan Tiger god, sitting on the worship table. Ita��s definitely worth stopping by at this traditional minnan architecture to view the relics collected during its journey from Bengang, as well as look at the delicate designs of its roofing and wooden structures built by the skilled craftsmen. If you are really short on time, be sure not to miss the koji art works after worship.

The scope of the delicate koji pottery

The decorative koji pottery is commonly found on Chinese architectures, especially the temples in Taiwan. Xingang Fengtian Temple has kept walls of koji pottery decorations made by 3 generations of masters including Lin Zai Xing, Hong Kun Fu, Shi Lian Chi, along with the next 2 generations of disciples during the end of Qing dynasty. It is a rare find among the temples in Taiwan. The colorful koji pottery is baked in low temperature resulting in a soft texture. Most of the decorations are placed high on the ledges near the roof, corbels and gables to avoid damage. The gem glaze is used to create a radiant color similar to gemstones. The effect of the glaze varies according to the shape of the pottery. Apart from being decorations in a temple, most of the lifelike koji pottery figurines depict moral values from folklore and myths, such as Oath of the Peach Garden, Filial Piety Moves the Heaven and Earth. A visit to the Fengtian Temple is like exploring a fascinating museum of koji pottery.

Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Fengtian Templei??TaiwanDay

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