艺术就在身边

法国作家杰罗姆克莱蒙(J.r.me Cl.ment)曾说:「文化就在身边,不远不近」。来到新港,走进板陶窑,游逛板头村;在村落里,在街道旁,欣赏交趾陶作品、DIY陶盘,就在身边,不远不近,感受到曾被称为「嘉义烧」的交趾陶艺术。

小人物作品|TaiwanDay

板陶窑稻田中筑梦

嘉义新港是台湾交趾陶重镇,国内几乎90%以上的交趾陶师傅出自这里。师承已故国宝大师林再兴的交趾陶艺术家陈忠正,眼见国内庙宇剪黏交趾陶的人才逐渐流失,加上时代转变,愿意投身学习交趾陶创作的人也愈来愈少,为了延续交趾陶剪黏工艺及分享庙宇文化与美的知识,他将文化创意导入传统交趾陶中,在新港的绿意稻田中,筑起梦想,成立板陶窑。
「交趾陶」名称缘起于17世纪的低温彩釉软陶,贸易商人将原产于中国岭南的鲜艳陶瓷器皿运送到日本长崎平户,当时日本茶道盛行,这些色彩鲜艳的器皿因此受到茶道人士的喜爱;而中国岭南一带古时被唤为「交趾」,这里烧制出的陶瓷就被称为「交趾烧」。

清末道光年间交趾陶传入台湾,当时最有名的本土交趾陶师傅叶王,就是嘉义人。被尊称为「台湾交趾陶之父」的叶王,致力推广这门传统工艺,并将它发扬光大,因此「交趾陶」又被称为「嘉义烧」,嘉义也成了台湾交趾陶的发祥地。早年交趾陶被大量运用在庙宇的梁柱、水车堵、壁堵等,以忠孝节义的民间故事、神话传说为捏塑的脚本,制作祈福、吉祥之图案。而这些传说故事影响早期台湾民间社会,还有教化人心和助长善良风气的功用。走进板陶窑,阅读历史,可以感受到交趾陶与庙宇、中国民间传统的关系。

陶艺彩绘制作|TaiwanDay
桥下空间美化艺术作品|TaiwanDay

交趾陶之美展现生活中

2006年板陶窑入选文建会的「工艺之家」,并由经济部辅导成立板陶窑交趾剪黏工艺园区,是嘉义县第一座具有导览功能的观光工厂。在这里,交趾陶不仅是庙宇文化的一部分,陈忠正还将现在文创概念、周遭生活故事,加进交趾陶的创作元素,让交趾陶更贴近现代人的生活。

板陶窑位在新港僻静的乡村间,传统木雕大门两旁妆点着瓮墙,显露古典、怀旧的风情进入大门后,眼前所见是座东方庭园,但点缀其间,如与村落相隔的白墙上,爬满瓜藤和结实累累的硕大苦瓜,这些都是交趾陶的作品,栩栩如生的程度,经常让小朋友忍不住想摸一摸。庭院内的桌椅,则都是如马赛克之类的材料黏贴出来,很有特色。最让人感到惊奇的是,在这座有着浓浓中国风的庭院里,仔细瞧瞧,石头上躺着一只戴太阳眼镜的青蛙、庭园草皮上一只白狗看来正在晒太阳、红砖墙上还有小猫与小鸟对峙的情景,而这些小景小物,可都是交趾陶生活化的象征。

墙面艺术|TaiwanDay

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Bantao Yao Craft Studio of Jiaozhi Pottery & Chien Nien

Attactions, Chiayi, Taiwan Travel Blog

Art is all around you

The French author Jerome Clement once said: a�?Culture is all around you, neither close nor far.a�? There are art displays of koji pottery along the sidewalks and DIY pottery plates as you wonder around Bantao Yao and Bantou Village. This is the center of koji pottery, once called a�?Chiayi pottery.a�?

Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Bantao Yao Craft Studio of Jiaozhi Pottery & Chien Nieni??TaiwanDay

Weaving a dream in the rice field

The township of Xingang, Chiayi, is the center of koji pottery and is responsible for 90% of Taiwana��s koji craftsmen. Chen Zhong Zheng, a disciple under the late Master Lin Zhai Xing saw a decline in the artistry of making ceramics and koji pottery for temple decorations as well as the shift of an era. He infused creative industry with traditional art by establishing Bantao Yao in the green farmlands of Xingang in hopes of preserving the traditional crafts as well as promoting the culture of temples in Taiwan.

The name a�?koji pottery,a�? refers to a color glazed pottery baked in low temperature, originating in the 17 th century. When tradesmen brought the colorful ware from Lingnan, South of the Nanling Mountains in China, to Hirado, Nagasaki, the vibrant colors of the pottery became a favorite among the masters of tea ceremonies. As Lingnan used to be called a�?Jaozhia�? during early times, the pottery from this region became known as a�?Jiazhi pottery.a�?

Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Bantao Yao Craft Studio of Jiaozhi Pottery & Chien Nieni??TaiwanDay
Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Bantao Yao Craft Studio of Jiaozhi Pottery & Chien Nieni??TaiwanDay

Koji pottery was introduced to Taiwan around the end of Qing Dynasty, under the Daoguang Emperor. The most well known potter during that time was Ye Wang. Respectfully called a�?The father of koji potterya�?, he was a native from Chiayi and was committed in promoting this traditional craft, hence a�?koji potterya�? is also called a�?Chiayi potterya�?, Chiayi became the center hub for koji pottery. During early times, koji pottery was once heavily utilized in decorating of the pillars and walls of temples. The images were based on folklore and myths in filial piety and created to signify luck and blessing. These folklores greatly influenced and enlightened the thought and belief of people in early Taiwan. When you read about its history at Bantao Yao, it is evident that there is a strong connection among koji pottery, Chinese folklore and temple culture.

Expressing the beauty within koji pottery

In 2006, the Ministry of Economic Affairs supported the establishment of the Bantao Yao Craft Studio of Jiaozhi Pottery & Chien Nien after Bantao Yao was admitted into the a�?Taiwan Crafts Workshopa�? by the Council of Cultural Affairs. As Chiayia��s first tourism factory offering guided tours, Chen Zhong Zheng reinvented the role of koji pottery as a part of the temple culture by introducing the cultural and creative concept, adding real life events as new elements in the creation of koji pottery to not only reflect the modern life but also modernize the art of koji pottery.

Taiwan Travel : Attractions - Bantao Yao Craft Studio of Jiaozhi Pottery & Chien Nieni??TaiwanDay

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